Justification is one of the fundamental principles of radiation protection. According to Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM of 5 December 2013, laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation, the referrer and the medical practitioner have to be involved in the justification process of the individual medical exposure – according to procedures developed by each member state. According to the same EURATOM Directive, the Member States shall ensure that referral guidelines for medical imaging, taking into account radiation doses, are available to the referrers.

The aim of this survey is to assess the awareness, availability and use of referral guidelines for medical imaging in children among European Radiologists. 

The following survey is based on an anonymised web-based questionnaire, consisting of 19 questions and is expected to take 5 minutes to complete.


The European Society of Radiology (ESR) is the world’s largest radiological society with more than 120,000 members across the globe, 48 European national radiological societies, 15 European subspecialty & allied sciences member societies and 51 non-European national radiological member societies (https://www.myesr.org/). The ESR’s mission is to serve the healthcare needs of the general public by supporting science, education, research, and quality of service in the field of radiology.

EuroSafe Imaging is the European Society of Radiology's (ESR) flagship initiative to promote quality and safety in medical imaging (http://www.eurosafeimaging.org/). The mission of EuroSafe Imaging is to support and strengthen medical radiation protection across Europe following a holistic, inclusive approach.

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* 1. I am a...

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* 3. Does your country have a legal requirement for imaging referral guidelines (appropriateness or referral criteria)?

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* 4. Are referral guidelines available in your place of work?

10% of survey complete.