Part 1/2: Perception of land degradation

Dear investor,

In this study we will ask you questions about your motivation for making sustainable investments as well as your perception of land degradation and the concept of Land Degradation Neutrality.

Before answering the questions that follow, please read this short text

Land as an existential resource is being transformed and degraded due to global demands and human activities. This not only poses a major threat to the environment, but also impacts social welfare and food security of approximately one billion people. In response, the United Nations recognizes that combatting land degradation and restoring degraded land and soil are pivotal issues and therefore included them as objectives in the UN Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development*.

*Sustainable development refers to societal/economic/environmental development to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

As land degradation due to unsustainable land use is estimated to cost about 490 billion USD per year, the finance sector will play a significant role in supporting the transition to sustainable land management. In this regard, the objective to avoid soil loss through the concept of Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) is part of the UN Agenda to counteract land degradation.

The aim of LDN is to maintain and improve the amount of healthy and productive land resources over time by restoring 12 million hectares at an estimated cost of 2 billion USD per year. This represents the current land degradation footprint of the global economy and is a target to be achieved by 2030. LDN is a global initiative that primarily sees the solution in the promotion of sustainable land management techniques (e.g. agro-forestry) and land restoration/rehabilitation efforts including the generation of social and economic benefits for affected communities.
Investors can invest in sustainable investment products promoting LDN mainly through green bonds and private equity impact investment funds with the potential to halt and reverse the effects of land degradation.

Example of land degradation in Kongo 1979 vs. 2000. (Source:

<em><span style="font-size: 8pt;">Example of land degradation in Kongo 1979 vs. 2000. (Source:</span></em>
33% of survey complete.